How Is Economic Growth Related To Productivity? A Guide

How Is Economic Growth Related To Productivity

Productivity is a vital component of life and business. It measures the rate at which an economy puts to use the resources at its disposal. It examines the ratio of inputs to the output. Productivity is the scope of the efficiency with which a nation incorporates assets and labor to generate more significant results using the exact number of determinant inputs.

The question is, how is economic growth related to productivity? 

In answering the question, how is economic growth related to productivity, we should note that productivity is the principal origin of economic growth. It is what establishes the relationship between these two terms. The increase in productivity permits businesses to generate more output for the same number of inputs. They also acquire more capital and produce higher Gross Domestic Product (GDP), thereby boosting the economy of the nation. Productivity has improved in recent times in nearly all countries of the world while in wealthy nations, GDP rose chiefly through productivity surge. Nations with poor productivity usually are the most impoverished on the planet.

So, that’s how economic growth relates to productivity. However, there is more to this topic, so continue reading for more information.

Understanding Economic Growth

Economic growth is an increase in the creation of goods and services in a nation. The spike in capital commodities, trained workers, technology, and human development will all play a significant role in aiding economic growth. We calculate economic growth based on the surge in amassed market worth of added goods and services generated using valuations such as GDP

Economic growth is an upsurge in the manufacturing of a nation’s products and services, in a season from a particular duration of time to another. You can also calculate it in real or nominal (modified for increase) terms. Generally, one can calculate aggregate economic growth in the unit of Gross National Product (GNP) or Gross Domestic Product (GDP), though one can also employ other metrics.

The Significance Of GDP

From the above findings, we see that GDP is the primary measurement for economic growth and productivity, which brings us to the question, what exactly is GDP?

Gross Domestic Product is the complete assessment of everything produced in the nation, whether or not citizens or immigrants produced them. If positioned within the country’s territories, the GDP incorporates its production value. It is the ultimate worth of the goods and services created within the geographical map of a nation in the course of a specified duration of time, mainly a year. GDP rise rate is a vital determinant of the economic efficacy of a country.

Economists pay attention to substantial GDP increase to resolve how greatly an economy is booming. Also, they employ negative GDP increase to decide if the economy of the nation is in recession. GDP influences individual capital, business investments, and job rise. Investors observe a country’s growth pace to determine if they should modify their asset apportionment. They also contrast the nation’s growth increases to discover their most suitable global opportunities. They are eager to buy shares of firms that are in speedily growing countries.

Effect Of Productivity On Economic Growth

Recently, the economy has been active, with output rates and job creation on the rise; however, the economy might constrain future profits. Low productivity can significantly affect the economy, which can develop only by increasing the number of workers or improving on each worker’s output. Let’s take a look at how high productivity can positively influence an economy.

Positive Influences Of Productivity On Economic Growth

1. Economic boost:

If a nation’s economy can increase the percentage of maturation of productivity, then it can boost the country’s output. Productivity advancements would mean that a firm can discharge labor and make it accessible to another.

If the capacity of the nation’s economy is more significant, higher wages will increase consumption, produce more considerable tax capital for accessible goods and possibly contribute to immunity for tax cuts on individuals and firms

2. Greater wages and Incomes:

Firms can allow higher incomes if their employees are more efficient. Increased income as a result of an increase in efficiency leads to a rise in the funds available. The business may decide to re-invest this extra income to facilitate the course of the firm’s growth by empowering the workforce with more significant benefits. Higher productivity makes it possible for the business to generate greater output. It produces a higher profit for the company. Some of these profits find its way back into the pockets of the workers whose productivity improved the business’ output.

3. Worker’s welfare:

Greater productivity brings more income to the businesses, and ultimately the nation and the business can use the revenue to provide more excellent facilities and working conditions for their employees. Thus, it contributes to the welfare of the workers.

The firms get a more excellent return on investment as a result of higher productivity, so they grant a superior dividend (share of income) to the shareholders. The market worth of the share will also be on the rise

4. Effective relations:

Greater productivity results in effective alliances between the firm’s management and the workers. Better working conditions, resources, and incentives propel workers to put in their best towards the growth of the firm.

It produces more excellent customer satisfaction. It is due to supplying consumers with quality goods and services at very reasonable prices. The satisfaction of customers will contribute to their loyalty towards the firm.

5. Better credit conditions:

Higher productivity aids the firm in getting better terms from the distributors. The distributors may get better credit agreements due to higher productivity.

How Productivity Boosts The Nation’s Economy?

In straightforward terms, economic growth refers to an increment in the aggregate generation of goods and services in a nation. Most times, the total profits in production equates with marginal productivity. Productivity contributes to a rise in profits, stimulating customers to go into their accounts and buy more. It also results in higher material quality and standard of living.

Ways Of Generating Economic Growth

1. Employing infrastructure to propel economic boom:

Infrastructural expansion happens when the government spends capital on constructing or fixing the visual structures and facilities necessary for commerce and individuals as a body to flourish. Infrastructure comprises of roads, electric systems, ports, and bridges.

Economists who prefer infrastructural development as an economic aid argue that having great infrastructures improve productivity by allowing firms to function as efficiently as possible. For instance, where there is a good network of roads, and they are in the right conditions, vehicles spend lesser time in traffic, and they don’t have to take alternative routes to crossover waterways

2. Tax Economy and Refunds:

One can use tax cuts and refunds to add more capital back into the account of customers. Ideally, these customers spend a part of that capital at different firms, which gives rise to the business revenues, income flows, and gains.

Having greater cash signifies that companies have the requirements to get capital, develop technology, increase, and expand. All of these activities increase productivity, which increases the economy. Supporters of tax cuts and refunds argue that it permits customers to stimulate the economy themselves by infusing it with more capital

3. Bank Policies:

A country’s central bank can also stimulate an increase in the economy with monetary policy. It can spur the growth of capital provision by reducing interest rates. Consequently, banks can provide loans at lower interest rates and reduce the interest rate chargeable on credit card purchases. All of these increase customer spending and leads to economic growth.

4. Innovation as a means of boosting the economy:

Innovation and business startups spur our economic growth. They are the largest job generators that start with ingenious schemes, employ risks, and generate worth for the country’s consumer.

Nations have developed by advocating individual entrepreneurship and innovation. Majorly in the current issue of economic growth, we must chase national laws that help innovation that can guarantee that there will be plenty of wealth to take on into the next generation

5. Necessitate unemployed individuals to volunteer:

Studies show that the longer the period of unemployment payments, the longer the unemployed stay without work. By decreasing the length of unemployment benefits and mandating those getting checks to enlist at a non-profit, both groups can profit.

By adding to society, they can learn skills, connections, and references that will aid them to be prosperous in the later work they get. In turn, we would notice lesser individuals claiming to be unemployed.

6. Technological Development: 

An example of this is the creation of gasoline oil. Before the discovery of the abilities of gasoline, the market worth of petroleum was relatively small. The application of gasoline evolved into a more excellent and more productive system of moving goods and allocating final goods.

Developed technology helps employees to produce higher output with the same merchandise of capital goods by joining them in more productive novel methods.


In the analysis of the question, how is economic growth related to productivity? It is a fact that to increase economic growth, there must be a rise in demand and an increment in productive capacity.

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