Heart Disease And The Types
Whether you are in your twenties or in your mid-fifties, the term heart disease has frightened you someday. Maybe you have a relative with it, or you had a slight problem someday and now you are bothered about how to prevent the heart disease itself. In either case, you are just in the right place to get answers about what it is and how to prevent it.
Heart diseases appear to be one of the most common and the most death-leading diseases both for women and men all over the world. It is not just one illness, the “heart disease” term combines several heart health conditions which are basically requiring more attention than any other illness one can get.
Types of heart diseases are:
- Coronary artery disease or CAD. It’s the state when the heart doesn’t get enough blood as the main vessels are damaged or do not function properly.
- Arrhythmia. A person has arrhythmia when the heartbeat is not normal and the rate is either too slow, too fast, or either it is unstable.
- Congenital heart defects or CHD. It’s a heart defect when a person is born with it.
- Cardiomyopathy is the state when the heart muscles either get weak or harden which makes it more than difficult for the heart to provide the body with blood.
- Atherosclerosis. The condition is when the blood vessels, that is arteries, are narrowed and fail to deliver all the nutrients and the oxygen from your heart to the whole body.
- Heart infections occur when some bacteria, parasites, viruses, or chemicals manage to infect the heart muscles.
How To Avoid: 6 Essential Things To Do.
- Consider your weight. The overweighting is not just an inconvenience but first and foremost is a problem which can cause heart diseases. The excess weight increases blood pressure, glucose, and bad cholesterol which can lead to a heart stroke or at least diabetes. More than 70% of Americans are suffering from overweighting and hence heart-related complaints. The thing is not to lose as much to become a top model (though their criteria are changed today) but just consult a dialog and find the right weight according to your age and sex.
- Exercise. Moving is life. All you need to do is take 15-20 minutes (if not every day then at least from time to time) and start moving. It can be walking, jogging, fitness with friends, or some home exercises. The principle is the same; make your bodywork. Our heart likes physical activity and the more you exercise the healthier it will be.
- Follow a Nutrition diet. The tendency to eat healthier is growing day by day. There are plenty of educational and wellness sites where you can get a chart or the precise food amounts with their nutritional values for a day. The key is to add more vegetables and fresh food to your daily meals, also avoid taking sugar, fat, and gluten-based meals. Besides, you can add to your daily routine by taking healthy and effective supplements for faster effect. EcoNugenics products, for instance, are one of the best providers for such supplements. They are gluten-free with no artificial colorings or preservatives and really help to reduce heart problems combined with the other tips.
- Quit smoking. If you do not smoke, you’re already a “winner”, but if you smoke, consider stopping it as soon as you can, maybe right now, while reading this. The cigarettes contain too many chemicals which put your heart at risk with every single smoke you take. They raise blood pressure and cholesterol level, they surely damage the arteries cells, and so on. No good from it, just a one-minute relax which can cost you a life!
- Manage the stress wisely. Stress management is another real-time problem. It’s the state that everyone experiences throughout their life. But the point is how to manage it smartly. The state of stressfulness brings too many problems like lack of sleeping, poor eating, smoking, avoiding physical activity, and so on. These factors in their turn raise heart diseases. Besides, while in stress, the body releases a hormone called cortisol which triggers the arising of high blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Don’t forget to sleep well. This is the advice that you’re maybe tired of hearing but a good-night sleeping habit can do miracles. It’s very difficult to sleep 6-8 hours in today’s world where we should hurry to manage everything. But the lack of a one-night sleep can’t be replaced by any other supplement or drug or the next day’s sleep. It can affect heart health problems, can level up cholesterol, blood pressure, and also arouse diabetes. While in a constant lack of sleep, the body releases stress hormones which is also a heart-affecting issue.
Although each type of heart disease differs from others and has individual symptoms, some signs are common and should not be neglected. Those symptoms are;
- The chest pain or discomfort (if the person has had no other injuries)
- The beating in the chest (arisen from nowhere without any anxiety)
- Tachycardia (the fast beating)
- Bradycardia (the slow beating)
- Shortness of breath
- Lightheadedness or unsteadiness
- A near-fainting state or faintness.
These are the first symptoms that are common for all the heart disease types and they should be considered as a sign of a heart disease probability if the person has no other illnesses which can have similar symptoms. In any case, a visit to the doctor won’t harm.
Who Is At Most Risk?
The risk factors for heart diseases can be both acquired and congenital and are dependent on many circumstances. So, the risk factors are:
- Inheridity. People who have (had) a family member with heart problems are more likely to suffer from it.
- Age. As a fact, heart diseases occur in people above 60. Both men and women are at risk but women take it harder and are led to death much more than men.
- Smoking. The fact that smoking is harmful is not news, but it can also be the one reason for a heart attack.
- Alcohol. Drinking makes blood pressure and cholesterol higher. Even once a month is risky. Instead of drinking once to breathe lost and becoming alcoholic, take a glass of red wine every day and your heart will thank you.
- Sedentary lifestyle. As we have mentioned above, our heart loves physical activity and the lack of it may lead to heart diseases.
To sum up, the heart is the essential part of our body, it works all day long, even when we’re asleep. So, we just need to take care of it and consider the ways how to avoid a heart attack or a problem. These tips will help you with it.