What Is December’s Birth Flower: December’s Blooming Beauty

What Is December's Birth Flower

The tradition of birth flowers has long captivated our fascination, connecting the unique qualities and characteristics of individuals born each month to a particular flower. December, the month of holiday festivities and winter’s embrace is no exception. In this article, we will delve into the enchanting world of December’s birth flower, the narcissus. Discover the beauty, symbolism, and significance of this delicate bloom that graces the birthdays of those born in the twelfth month. Whether you’re a December baby or simply intrigued by the allure of flowers, join us on this floral journey as we explore the wonders of the narcissus.

What Is December’s Birth Flower?

December’s birth flower is the narcissus. The Narcissus, with its elegant trumpet-shaped blooms, is associated with qualities like hope, wealth, and good fortune. It’s a perfect representation of the holiday season’s charm and the fresh start that a new year brings. If you or someone you know is born in December, consider incorporating this beautiful flower into birthday celebrations or gifts to add a touch of natural beauty and symbolism to the festivities.

December’s Birth Flower: The Narcissus

December’s birth flower is the narcissus, a captivating bloom with aesthetic beauty and profound symbolism. The narcissus, often called the daffodil, is characterized by its delicate, trumpet-shaped flowers and vibrant hues, typically in shades of white, yellow, and gold. This flower carries rich symbolism, including representations of hope, renewal, and the promise of a bright future. It’s no coincidence that the narcissus blooms amid winter, bringing warmth and optimism to the cold, dark days of December.

The symbolism of the narcissus is deeply rooted in mythology, most notably in the tale of Narcissus, the young hunter who fell in love with his reflection in a pool of water. This myth serves as a reminder of self-love and self-discovery, making the narcissus a flower that celebrates inner beauty and personal growth.

For December-born individuals, the narcissus represents the qualities that define them—optimism, resilience, and a sense of wonder. It is a flower that signifies the promise of a new year and its opportunities. Moreover, the narcissus is believed to bring good fortune and prosperity, making it a thoughtful and meaningful gift for those celebrating their December birthdays.

In gardens and floral arrangements, narcissus flowers stand out as charming and versatile elements. They can be used in various ways, from adding elegance to winter weddings to brightening festive bouquets. The narcissus’s delightful fragrance and striking appearance make it a favorite among florists and garden enthusiasts.

December’s birth flower, the narcissus, is a remarkable bloom that embodies the essence of the holiday season and the spirit of new beginnings. Its vibrant colors, delicate form, and rich symbolism make it a beautiful and meaningful choice for celebrating December birthdays and spreading hope and joy during the winter months.

Varieties Of Narcissus Flower

Trumpet Daffodils (Narcissus pseudonarcissus): Trumpet daffodils are the quintessential daffodil variety, characterized by their iconic trumpet-shaped central corona that surrounds a cluster of petals. They are typically bright yellow and known for their cheerful and vibrant appearance. Varieties within this category include the King Alfred daffodil, which is a beloved classic.

Large-Cupped Daffodils: Large-cupped daffodils feature a central corona that is notably larger and more prominent than other narcissus varieties. These cups often exhibit contrasting colors, creating a striking visual contrast with the surrounding petals. Varieties like the Barrett Browning daffodil showcase this elegant trait.

Small-Cupped Daffodils: These narcissus varieties, as the name suggests, have smaller central cups. They come in a diverse range of colors, including shades of white, yellow, and even pink. The W.P. Milner daffodil is a popular example of a small-cupped variety.

Double Daffodils: Double daffodils are distinguished by their multiple layers of petals, which give them a lush and ruffled appearance. They often resemble miniature roses in various colors, including white, yellow, and orange. The Tête-à-Tête variety is a beloved double daffodil.

Triandrus Daffodils: Triandrus daffodils feature multiple pendants or outward-facing blooms per stem. These narcissus varieties are known for their graceful and elegant appearance and are often fragrant. The Thalia daffodil is a well-recognized triandrus variety.

Jonquilla Daffodils: Jonquilla daffodils are celebrated for their fragrant and clustered blooms. They have smaller flowers but compensate with a delightful scent. The Baby Moon daffodil, with its golden yellow hue, is a classic example.

Poet’s Narcissus (Narcissus Poeticus): Also known as Pheasant’s Eye, these narcissus have a central corona with a distinctive red or orange-rimmed edge. They are celebrated for their sweet fragrance and pure white petals. The Actaea variety is a popular choice among Poet’s Narcissus.

Cyclamineus Daffodils: Cyclamineus daffodils stand out with their slender, reflexed petals and a distinctive swept-back appearance. They are often the first to bloom in the spring, adding a touch of elegance to gardens. Varieties like the February Gold daffodil epitomize this form.

Tazetta Daffodils: Tazetta daffodils produce multiple blooms per stem and are often characterized by their fragrant, tiny flowers. These narcissus are commonly used in indoor forcing and are associated with varieties like the Paperwhite Narcissus.

Miniature Daffodils: Miniature daffodils are smaller in stature compared to other narcissus varieties. They are perfect for rock gardens, containers, or border plantings and come in various shapes and colors, such as the Minnow daffodil.

Growing And Caring For Narcissus

Growing and caring for narcissus is relatively straightforward, making them a favorite among gardeners and enthusiasts. Here’s a detailed guide on how to cultivate and maintain these charming flowers:

  • Selecting Bulbs: When purchasing narcissus bulbs, choose firm, plump, and free from mold or damage. Larger bulbs typically produce more robust blooms.
  • Planting Depth And Spacing: Plant narcissus bulbs at a depth of 3 to 6 inches (7.5 to 15 cm) with the pointed end facing upwards. Proper spacing, typically 3 to 6 inches (7.5 to 15 cm) apart, allows for adequate airflow and prevents overcrowding.
  • Soil Preparation: Prepare the planting site by ensuring well-drained soil. Narcissus bulbs dislike waterlogged conditions, which can cause them to rot. Amending the soil with organic matter, like compost, improves drainage and provides nutrients.
  • Planting Time: Fall is the best time to plant narcissus bulbs. This allows the bulbs to establish robust root systems before winter’s cold. Depending on your climate, planting can occur from late September to early November.
  • Sunlight Requirements: Narcissus thrive in full to partial sunlight. Plant them in locations where they receive at least 6 hours of sunlight per day for optimal growth and blooming.
  • Watering: Initially, thoroughly after planting to settle the soil and promote root development. During winter, narcissus bulbs prefer drier conditions. However, if there is a prolonged dry spell, provide supplemental watering.
  • Fertilizing: At planting time, incorporate a balanced, slow-release fertilizer into the soil to provide essential nutrients. Avoid high-nitrogen fertilizers, as they can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowers.
  • Mulching: Apply a layer of mulch, such as straw or pine needles, over the planting area. Mulch helps maintain soil moisture and regulates temperature, protecting the bulbs during winter.
  • Maintenance: Narcissus are generally low-maintenance. Deadhead spent flowers to prevent seed formation but leave the foliage intact until it turns yellow and withers naturally. The foliage continues to photosynthesize and replenish the bulb for the next season.
  • Pest And Disease Management: Narcissus are relatively resistant to pests and diseases. Occasionally, aphids, slugs, or snails may pose a threat. Use organic or chemical controls to protect your plants.

How Do We Extend The Blooming Period Of Narcissus Flowers?

Extending the blooming period of narcissus flowers involves careful planning, staggered planting, and appropriate care throughout the growing season. Here’s a more detailed guide on how to achieve a prolonged display of these charming blossoms:

Choose A Variety Mix:

Opt for a diverse selection of narcissus varieties that bloom at different times. Early, mid-season, and late-blooming types will ensure a continuous display of flowers from early spring to late spring. Some early bloomers include ‘Tête-à-Tête’ and ‘February Gold,’ while ‘Ice Follies’ and ‘Pink Charm’ are mid-season varieties.

Staggered Planting:

Divide your chosen narcissus varieties into groups based on their expected bloom times. Plant these groups in separate areas or stagger their planting dates by a few weeks. This staggered planting approach will result in a prolonged blooming period.

Indoor Forcing:

Consider forcing narcissus bulbs indoors during the winter months. Plant bulbs in pots, give them a period of cold dormancy and then bring them indoors to force early blooms. Once they’ve flowered indoors, transition them outdoors for extended enjoyment.

Excellent Storage For Bulbs:

If you have purchased narcissus bulbs but wish to delay their planting, store them in an excellent, dark location (around 40°F or 4°C) for a few weeks. Then, plant them in batches throughout the fall and early winter to spread out their bloom times.


When planting narcissus bulbs, incorporate a balanced, slow-release fertilizer or a specialized bulb fertilizer into the soil. This provides essential nutrients for healthy growth and prolongs the blooming period.

Adequate Watering:

Ensure consistent moisture for your narcissus plants, especially during their growth and blooming phases. A regular watering schedule can encourage more flowers and extend the bloom period.


Regularly remove spent flowers as they fade. Deadheading prevents seed formation and encourages the plant to redirect its energy into producing more blooms. This practice can significantly extend the flowering season.


Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or pine needles, around the narcissus plants. Mulch helps regulate soil temperature and moisture levels, protecting the bulbs from extreme fluctuations and potentially lengthening the blooming period.

Warping Up

Narcissus flowers, with their captivating beauty and rich symbolism, can be enjoyed for an extended period by employing various planting and care strategies. By choosing a mix of early, mid-season, and late-blooming varieties, staggering plantings, and providing appropriate care, you can extend the blooming season of narcissus in your garden. These charming blossoms will not only brighten your landscape but also add a touch of elegance and fragrance to your outdoor space. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a novice, the joy of nurturing and prolonging the beauty of narcissus flowers is a rewarding experience that enhances any garden or floral display.